The Plaza Mayor of Madrid is 129 meters long by 94 meters wide and is surrounded by arcades and three-storey brick buildings. Throughout the history of Madrid, the Plaza Mayor has been a place for meetings, announcements and celebrations of a civil nature. It is also loaded with commemorative plaques, historical sites and other symbols of great value.
Several architects were involved in the construction of the square, including Juan de Herrera and Juan Gómez de Mora, who were the real drivers of the project. With the passage of time and the various fires suffered, the Plaza Mayor has been rebuilt and renovated several times throughout history. To get to the Plaza Mayor, you can use the different access gates that surround the square, each with its own special charm.
In the 15th century, the Plaza Mayor was called Plaza del Arrabal, which was replaced by other names such as Plaza de la Constitución, Plaza Real and Plaza de la República. The current name has been preserved since the end of the Civil War.
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